Imperial Cities of Morocco – The Utlimate Guide
Imperial Cities of Morocco
Morocco is a country located in North Africa and the Middle East. Algeria borders it to the north, Tunisia to the west, Libya to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the east.
Morocco comprises two regions, the Rif Mountains in the west and the Atlas Mountains in the east. However, Morocco has a population of about 37 million people. Therefore, The major languages spoken in Morocco are Arabic, Berber, and French.
Morocco has a rich history of culture and civilization. Many people around the world visit the country for its historical sites, ancient ruins, and natural beauty.
The History of Morocco
The history of Morocco begins around 4000 BC. The Phoenicians and the Carthaginians were the first to colonize Morocco. Moreover, Then the Romans conquered the country and ruled from 29 BC to 486 AD. During the Middle Ages, the Muslim Berbers took control of the country and ruled until 1912. After the French conquered the country, the King of Morocco became the country’s leader until 1957.
The current king is Mohammed VI. The royal family is of the Al-Hasa line and has ruled Morocco since the 13th century.
The country is a mixture of Arab, Berber, and African cultures. Morocco has three major ethnic groups: the Arabs, the Berbers, and the Africans. Therefore, The Arabic influence on Morocco is powerful. The Berber influence is also vital in the country. The African influence is also present in the country. The government of Morocco is based on a constitutional monarchy.
1. The Fes Medina
Therefore, One of the most exciting places in Morocco is the Fes Medina, which comprises hundreds of streets and alleyways, and is home to an estimated 2 million people. However, The Fes Medina is one of the oldest cities in the world and has continuously been inhabited since the 7th century.
The city was the capital of Morocco for more than 800 years until it moved to Marrakesh in 1578. The city divides into two distinct parts: the older medina (city) and the newer part, the Rif. Likewise, The medina is characterized by its narrow alleyways and winding streets and is home to the largest concentration of mosques in Morocco.
Moroccan architecture is unique and diverse, with influences from North Africa, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and Europe. In addition, The most common building materials are mud brick, marble, stone, wood, and tile.
The Fez Medina is home to many of Morocco’s most popular attractions, including the Kairaouine Mosque, the Royal Palace, and the Jewish Quarter.
2. The Marrakech Medina
The Marrakech medina is one of the most visited places in Morocco. Additionally, The sultan Moulay Idriss I founded the part of the old city place. In 1430 the sultan decided to build his palace in the medina. Likewise, The construction of the palace began in 1437 and lasted until 1455. It is one of the largest palaces in the world and has a unique architectural style. The palace divides into three sections, the court, the living quarters, and the service.
The court divides into two parts, the reception hall, and the audience hall. The reception hall has a large window facing the palace entrance. However, The audience hall is the most significant part of the palace, with a great view of the Atlas Mountains. It also has a large terrace that overlooks the palace’s square.
The living quarters are the smallest part of the palace. Moreover, It is separated from the other two sections with a wall. It contains several small rooms which the servants of the sultan used.
The service section is the smallest part of the palace. However, It contains a kitchen, bathrooms, and ample water well. The palace also has a mosque, a mausoleum, a fountain, and a hammam.
The Marrakech Medina is a Muslim area and is home to many mosques. Likewise, The most famous mosque in the area is the Koutoubia Mosque, also known as the “City of Mosques”.
The Marrakech Medina is also home to the Jemaa El Fnaa, a large open square where locals gather to listen to music and socialize. In addition, The Jemaa El Fnaa is also known as the “Square of the Palms of the Hand”.
3. The Sahara Desert
The Sahara Desert is one of the hottest places on Earth. The temperatures can reach a scorching 60°c. The climate of the Sahara Desert is very different from the Mediterranean. It is one of the hottest places in the world. The temperature may rise to as high as 50°c in the summer. A lot of people want to visit this desert. In the summer, the days are very long. This makes it possible for travellers to cross the desert. There are many tourists who come to the Sahara Desert in Morocco. Many people prefer to travel here because they can have a unique experience. It’s not easy to get to this place. You should take a plane to Marrakech and then get a bus to the region.
The Saharan sandstorms can be extremely strong and intense. These sand storms are caused by dust particles carried by the wind. There are two kinds of these sandstorms. The first one is known as the zerktai. The zerktai is the dust storm of the desert which is caused by the temperature of the sun. In the past, the Saharan dust storms were very common.
4. The Atlas Mountains
The Atlas Mountain range is a mountain range in northwestern Africa. The Atlas Mountains extend some 2,500km across northwest Africa, spanning Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia, separating the Atlantic and Mediterranean coastline from the Sahara Desert. The mountains rise about 4,167 metres above the surrounding plains, making the area one of the highest populated regions in the world. These mountains extend south into the Sahara Desert, where they are known as the High Atlas. The area is home to many oases, where the climate is much more temperate than the desert itself. It is possible to find palm trees growing in the mountains of the High Atlas, although it is not always easy to reach. This region is very different to the rest of Morocco. The weather is also different to the rest of Morocco.
5. The Moroccan Coast
The Moroccan Coast is a beautiful part of the world that is well preserved. The country has a rich culture and history, and the people are amiable. The coast knows for its exotic and unique architecture. It locates in the northernmost corner of Africa and borders the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Strait of Gibraltar to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the east.
Several cities along the coast include Agadir, Essaouira, Mogador, and Sidi Ifni. These cities are filled with beautiful buildings and exciting things to see.
6. The Rif Mountains
The Rif mountains of Morocco describes as the “cradle of humanity” because it was here that the earliest human beings lived. The mountain range is situated in North Africa, extending between Morocco and Algeria. It is the home to a unique and rich culture.
It estimates that around 200,000 people live in the mountains. Many of these people live in the high valleys of the Rif. The Rif is called the “cradle of humanity” because it was here that the earliest humans lived. The region is very mountainous and is covered with forests and waterfalls. It is also very isolated and cut off from the rest of the country.
7. The Oases of Morocco
Morocco knows for its stunning oases. These are lush green land areas surrounded by date palms, fig trees, and orange groves. The area is often referred to as the “Garden of Eden” and is a perfect destination for those looking to escape it all.
Moreover, The oases are also an excellent place for visitors to get involved with local culture and meet the locals. Many of the people living in these areas are Berbers, some of the friendliest people you will ever meet.
Morocco is home to some of the oldest civilizations in the world. Many of the cities and towns have been around for thousands of years. The culture of Morocco has also been influenced by the people that have lived there over the centuries.
8. The Souss Valley
However, The Souss Valley in Morocco is an excellent example of the diversity of this country. This region has some of the country’s most spectacular sights, including the Atlas Mountains, the Todgha Gorge, and the Tiznit Desert. Moreover, It also has a rich history and culture that you can experience in its cities and towns.
The Souss Valley is located in the northern part of the country and has a population of around 200,000 people. It has a lot of natural beauty and features a rich heritage. Therefore, The central city in the valley is M’hamid. There are a lot of historical sites to see in this region including the Kasbah of Todgha, the Kasbah of Ait Boujdour, the Kasbah of Boulmansa, the Kasbah of Safi, and the Kasbah of Essaouira. There are also many exciting places to visit, including the Atlas Mountains, the Todgha Gorge, the Tiznit Desert, and the Sahara Desert.
9. The Meknes
Meknes is located in the heart of Morocco. It is a beautiful city with its ancient and modern architecture. The old part of the city is located along the river and has a lively atmosphere. It is a very modern city with a lot of skyscrapers. The most exciting part of Meknes is the old medina. The medina is filled with traditional houses, restaurants, and shops.
Meknes is located in the Middle Atlas Mountains and has a very sunny climate. Meknes has a lot of places of interest. You can visit the old medina, the new medina, the museum, the mosque and the castle. The old medina is fascinating. In addition, The narrow streets and houses are built in the Middle Ages style. The houses are made out of mud bricks and have little windows.
However, The old medina has a lot of history. The museum of Meknes is located in the old medina. Additionally, It contains a collection of Moroccan art and culture. It is free of charge. The mosque of Meknes is located in the old medina. It is a magnificent building. Likewise, It has a dome and is surrounded by a garden.
10. The Rabat
The city’s history is rich and complex, influenced by its diverse cultural and religious traditions. However, The legacy of the medieval Almohad empire has been influential in architectural and artistic development, and Rabat has a wealth of historic architecture.
Moreover, The modern city of Rabat was built on the site of the old medieval capital of Marrakech. Morocco’s second-largest city is located in the heart of the country. It is the region’s capital of the same name and has an estimated population of 1.5 million.
The city is well connected to the rest of the country by road, rail, and air. Moreover, The airport is approximately 10 km (6 miles) from the city center, and a metro system operates within the city. The city is home to several notable attractions, including the Royal Palace, and the Royal Garden.